Calcium carbonate fouling is typically encountered in a cooling-water circulating system. An experimental program is initiated to study fouling growth law (s) as well as the basic mechanism of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) scaling. After a brief description of the experimental apparatus and procedure for calculating fouling resistance, we present the deposition data in terms of fouling resistance as a function of time taken at different sections of the tube. In addition, the randomness of fouling growth is illustrated by repeating the experiments several times under the same thermal-hydraulic conditions. The results are presented in terms of a set of sample functions and their associated probability density functions at various levels of fouling. In addition, basic mechanism of CaCO3 scale formation is also explained through Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDX).
Statistical Aspects of CaCO3 Fouling in AISI 316 Stainless-Steel Tubes
Zubair, S. M., Sheikh, A. K., Budair, M. O., Haq, M. U., Quddus, A., and Ashiru, O. A. (August 1, 1997). "Statistical Aspects of CaCO3 Fouling in AISI 316 Stainless-Steel Tubes." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 1997; 119(3): 581–588. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2824145
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