Fouling of heat transfer surfaces introduces a major uncertainty into the design and operation of heat transfer equipment. After a brief discussion on impact of fouling, we present and discuss a stochastic approach to the analysis of fouling models. In view of the performance indicator (U/Uc) of the heat exchangers, a maintenance strategy for planned maintenance schedules is presented. Various scenarios of reliability based maintenance strategy are introduced. The strategy is explained in terms of the scatter parameter () of the time-to-fouling distribution corresponding to a critical level of fouling, and the risk factor (p) representing the probability of tubes being fouled to a critical level after which a cleaning cycle is needed. In addition, the cost implications of the above mentioned strategy are explained and their impact on heat exchanger maintenance is highlighted.
A Maintenance Strategy for Heat Transfer Equipment Subject to Fouling: A Probabilistic Approach
Zubair, S. M., Sheikh, A. K., Budair, M. O., and Badar, M. A. (August 1, 1997). "A Maintenance Strategy for Heat Transfer Equipment Subject to Fouling: A Probabilistic Approach." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. August 1997; 119(3): 575–580. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2824144
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