Abstract

Practically, to regulate filtration characteristics of drilling fluid, non-biodegradable materials used commonly have a high cost with side effects on personnel safety and the environment. Hence, eco-friendly additives are needed as an alternative to replace or at least support the commonly used filtration control agents. This experimental investigation examines the possibility of using date tree seeds’ powder (DTSP), as a new eco-friendly fluid loss agent. Under surface and sub-surface conditions (fresh and aged conditions), experiments were executed utilizing low-temperature and low-pressure (LTLP) and high-temperature and high-pressure (HTHP) American Petroleum Institute (API) filter press to comprehend the influence of DTSP on the seepage loss characteristics. The findings were compared with a commonly utilized chemical additive to regulate filtration characteristics of drilling fluid (low viscosity sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-LV)). Two concentrations of DTSP and CMC-LV were added separately to a reference fluid (RF) to understand the effect of concentration variations on filtration properties. The findings revealed that both DTSP and CMC-LV significantly improved the filtrate and the filter cake when comparing them with the RF under fresh and aged conditions. The findings for fresh conditions also showed that LTLP filtration measurements for CMC-LV additives had almost similar performance as DTSP additives, while HTHP filtration measurements exhibited that the two concentrations of DTSP additives were marginally better than those of CMC-LV additives. For aged conditions, CMC-LV additives were relatively more efficient than DTSP additives for LTLP filtration control experiments. However, DTSP additives were more efficient in improving the filtration characteristics as compared to CMC-LV additives for HTHP filtration control experiments. These results are in aid of shifting the oil and gas industry from using conventional harmful additives to using unconventional eco-friendly additives. This also helps in transforming unwanted food wastes into valuable commercial products, which can revolutionize the domestic and international industries and create new job opportunities, hence minimizing the total cost of drilling fluid and the wastes disposed to the environment.

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