The Initial Post-buckling and Growth Behavior of Internal Delaminations in Composite Plates

[+] Author and Article Information
G. A. Kardomateas

School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150

J. Appl. Mech 60(4), 903-910 (Dec 01, 1993) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2901000 History: Received August 10, 1992; Revised January 15, 1993; Online March 31, 2008


The initial post-buckling and growth behavior of delaminations in plates is studied by a perturbation procedure. In this work, no restrictive assumptions regarding the delamination thickness and plate length are made, i.e., the usual thin film assumptions are relaxed. The perturbation procedure is based on an asymptotic expansion of the load and deformation quantities in terms of the distortion parameter of the delaminated layer, the latter being considered a compressive elastica. Closed-form solutions for the load and midpoint delamination deflection versus applied compressive displacement during the initial post-buckling phase are derived. Moreover, closed-form expressions for the energy release rate and the mixity ratio (i.e., Mode II versus Mode I) at the delamination tip are produced. A higher Mode I component is found to be present during the initial post-buckling phase for delaminations of increasing ratio of delamination thickness over plate thickness, h/T (i.e., delaminations further away from the surface). Moreover, the-energy release rate corresponding to the same applied strain is larger for a higher h/T ratio. The reduced growth resistance of these configurations is verified by experimental results on unidirectional composite specimens with internal delaminations.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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