Three-Dimensional Effects Near a Crack Tip in a Ductile Three-Point Bend Specimen: Part II—An Experimental Investigation Using Interferometry and Caustics

[+] Author and Article Information
Alan T. Zehnder, Ares J. Rosakis

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

J. Appl. Mech 57(3), 618-626 (Sep 01, 1990) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2897067 History: Received July 25, 1988; Revised September 22, 1989; Online March 31, 2008


An experimental investigation is undertaken to assess three-dimensional effects near a crack front in a ductile three-point bend specimen. The possibility of using the optical method of caustics for the measurement of the J -integral in the presence of large-scale yielding and three-dimensional fields is also investigated. Experiments using the optical methods of caustics by reflection and Twyman-Green interferometry are performed simultaneously on either side of the test specimen. The load and load-point displacement are also measured. The experimental results are compared with very good agreement to the results of a finite element simulation of the experiment. The caustics experiments are used to obtain a calibration relation between the value of the J -integral and the caustic diameter for load levels up to fracture initiation. It is proposed that such a calibration be used in dynamic fracture initiation experiments for the measurement of the time history of the dynamic J -integral.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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