Three-Dimensional Effects Near a Crack Tip in a Ductile Three-Point Bend Specimen: Part I—A Numerical Investigation

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Narasimhan, A. J. Rosakis

Division of Engineering and Applied Science, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 92115

J. Appl. Mech 57(3), 607-617 (Sep 01, 1990) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2897066 History: Received July 25, 1988; Revised September 22, 1989; Online March 31, 2008


A simultaneous numerical and experimental investigation is undertaken to assess three-dimensional effects and HRR dominance near a crack front in a ductile 3-point bend specimen. In parallel to the three-dimensional calculations, a plane-strain and a plane-stress analysis of the same in-plane specimen geometry is performed to obtain upper and lower bounds for the three-dimensional calculation. The radial, angular, and thickness variation of the stresses and displacements are studied in great detail from contained yielding to fully plastic conditions. The results indicate that the plane-strain HRR field prevails in the interior of the specimen very near the crack front even for moderate extents of yielding. On the other hand, for distances from the crack tip exceeding about half a specimen thickness, plane-stress conditions are approached. The calculations presented here model a series of laboratory experiments involving three independent experimental techniques. Details regarding the experiments and comparisons of the experimental measurements with numerical calculations and theory are emphasized in Part II of this work.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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