Normal and Shear Impact of Layered Composite With a Crack: Dynamic Stress Intensification

[+] Author and Article Information
G. C. Sih, E. P. Chen

Institute of Fracture and Solid Mechanics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pa. 18015

J. Appl. Mech 47(2), 351-358 (Jun 01, 1980) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3153668 History: Received August 01, 1979; Revised November 01, 1979; Online July 21, 2009


The dynamic response of a layered composite under normal and shear impact is analyzed by assuming that the composite contains an initial flaw in the matrix material. Because of the complexities that arise from the interaction of waves scattered by the crack with those reflected by the interfaces within the composite, dynamic analyses of composites with cracks have been treated only for a few simple cases. One of the objectives of the present work is to develop an effective analytical method for determining dynamic stress solutions. This will not only lead to an in-depth understanding of the failure of composites due to impact but also provide reliable solutions that can guide the development of numerical methods. The analysis method utilizes Fourier transform for the space variable and Laplace transform for the time variable. The time-dependent angle loading is separated into two parts: one being symmetric and the other skew-symmetric with reference to the crack plane. By means of superposition, the transient boundary conditions consist of applying normal and shear tractions to a crack embedded in a layered composite. One phase of the composite could represent the fiber while the other could be the matrix. Mathematically, these conditions reduce the problem to a system of dual integral equations which are solved in the Laplace transform plane for the transform of the dynamic stress-intensity factor. The time inversion is carried out numerically for various combinations of the material properties of the composite and the results are displayed graphically.

Copyright © 1980 by ASME
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