Natural protective materials offer unparalleled solutions for impact-resistant material designs that are simultaneously lightweight, strong, and tough. Particularly, the Bouligand structure found in the dactyl club of mantis shrimp and the staggered structure in nacre achieve excellent mechanical strength, toughness, and impact resistance. Previous studies have shown that hybrid designs by combining different bioinspired microstructures can lead to enhanced mechanical strength and energy dissipation. Nevertheless, it remains unknown whether combining Bouligand and staggered structures in nanofibrillar cellulose (NFC) films, forming a discontinuous fibrous Bouligand (DFB) architecture, can achieve enhanced impact resistance against projectile penetration. Additionally, the failure mechanisms under such dynamic loading conditions have been minimally understood. In our study, we systematically investigate the dynamic failure mechanisms and quantify the impact resistance of NFC thin films with DFB architecture by leveraging previously developed coarse-grained models and ballistic impact molecular dynamics simulations. We find that when nanofibrils achieve a critical length and form DFB architecture, the impact resistance of NFC films outperforms the counterpart films with continuous fibrils by comparing their specific ballistic limit velocities and penetration energies. We also find that the underlying mechanisms contributing to this improvement include enhanced fibril sliding, intralayer and interlayer crack bridging, and crack twisting in the thickness direction enabled by the DFB architecture. Our results show that by combining Bouligand and staggered structures in NFC films, their potential for protective applications can be further improved. Our findings can provide practical guidelines for the design of protective films made of nanofibrils.