The failure probability of the pressurized water reactor pressure vessel for a domestic nuclear power plant in Taiwan has been evaluated according to the technical basis of the USNRC’s new pressurized thermal shock (PTS) screening criteria. The ORNL’s FAVOR code and the PNNL’s flaw models are employed to perform the probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis based on the plant specific parameters of the domestic reactor pressure vessel. Meanwhile, the PTS thermal hydraulic and the probabilistic risk assessment data analyzed from a similar nuclear power plant in the United States for establishing the new PTS rule are applied as the loading condition. Besides, an RT-based regression formula derived by the USNRC is also utilized to verify the through-wall cracking frequencies. It is found that the through-wall cracking of the analyzed reactor pressure vessel only occurs during the PTS events resulted from the stuck-open primary safety relief valves that later reclose, but with only an insignificant failure risk. The results indicate that the Taiwan domestic PWR reactor pressure vessel has sufficient structural margin for the PTS attack until either the end-of-license or for the proposed extended operation.

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