This paper presents an optimized method for droplet generation in PDMS microchannels. With controllable PDMS surface hydrophobicity and hydrophobicity recovery, alternative component droplets can be generated as anticipated. Different surface hydrophobicity results in different droplet generation patterns. Monodispersed water-in-oil and oil-in-water droplets are generated from hydrophilic and hydrophobic surface respectively. Nearly hydrophilic surface (30°<θ<50°) results in long-tailed droplets and less hydrophilic surface (70°<θ<80°) results in stream mixing. Discussion of methods to loss and recovery hydrophobicity of PDMS also included.

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