Abstract

Particle-to-Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (sCO2) heat exchangers are one of the most critical components of the next-generation Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) plants. There have been several efforts to enhance the overall heat exchanger performance which essentially comprises of thermal resistances offered by sCO2 channel, wall (separating sCO2 with particles) thickness, particle-wall contact resistance and particle-side effective heat transfer coefficient. This study is focused towards reducing the particle side thermal resistance by incorporating single unit cell thick reticulated Octet lattice frame structures on the falling particle side to enhance the effective thermal conductivity of the particle channel and to enhance convective heat transfer between the falling particles and the solid phase of the falling particle channel (endwalls and fibers). Steady-state experiments were conducted to measure the effective thermal conductivity of lattice frame material for two cases: a) when void space was occupied by air, b) when void space was occupied with particles. Further, convective heat transfer experiments have been conducted with both air (steady-state) and particles (quasi steady-state) as “working fluid” for panels sandwiching the Octet array. Three different lattice porosities ranging from 0.75 to 0.9 have been tested for a wide range of air flow rates and a fixed particle flow rate (highest potential).

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