The Paper presents a novel computationally efficient physics based framework for continuous assessment of cyclic and time dependent damage consumption for Siemens Aeroderivative power turbine components based on actual engine operation.
The framework discussed in paper provides the capability for Siemens’ customers to move away from fixed overhaul schedule to a customized schedule which is based on a given gas turbines actual operation and inspection findings. This customized overhaul schedule enables the customers a flexibility to maximize the unit availability and minimize operating costs.
Semi-empirical framework discussed in this paper, utilizes dynamic systems theory-based approach to estimate the cyclic & creep damage as a response to transient engine operation; characterized by relevant installed engine instrumentation data from the Engine Health Monitoring system.
To estimate damage response through any given complex transient operating cycle, algorithm solves a set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs), that have been calibrated to the engine control and safety instrumentation parameters such as shaft speed, turbine temperatures, pressures etc. by pre-analyzed operating envelope cases.
The framework can be setup for predicting accumulated cyclic and creep damage for all type of turbine components (Aerofoils, disks, casings, diffusers etc.), transient stress state complexity (in-phase, out-of-phase, uniaxial, multiaxial stress profiles) and is capable to handle unit specific ramp rates, start-up times, restart/cooldown effects specific and random changes in load, history.
The framework for discussion in this paper has been demonstrated as applied to the stage-1 blade of an A-35 RT62 power turbine as an example.