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Research Papers

Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting From Roadways Based on Pavement Compatible Package

[+] Author and Article Information
He Zhang

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310058, China
e-mail: zjuzhanghe@zju.edu.cn

Kangxu Huang

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310058, China
e-mail: zjuhkx@126.com

Zhicheng Zhang

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310058, China
e-mail: jszzc@zju.edu.cn

Tao Xiang

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310058, China
e-mail: xiangtao@zju.edu.cn

Liwei Quan

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310058, China
e-mail: 21612086@zju.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Applied Mechanics. Manuscript received May 15, 2019; final manuscript received June 26, 2019; published online July 10, 2019. Tech. Editor: Yonggang Huang.

J. Appl. Mech 86(9), 091012 (Jul 10, 2019) (6 pages) Paper No: JAM-19-1242; doi: 10.1115/1.4044140 History: Received May 15, 2019; Accepted June 26, 2019

Scavenging mechanical energy from the deformation of roadways using piezoelectric energy transformers has been intensively explored and exhibits a promising potential for engineering applications. We propose here a new packaging method that exploits MC nylon and epoxy resin as the main protective materials for the piezoelectric energy harvesting (PEH) device. Wheel tracking tests are performed, and an electromechanical model is developed to double evaluate the efficiency of the PEH device. Results indicate that reducing the embedded depth of the piezoelectric chips may enhance the output power of the PEH device. A simple scaling law is established to show that the normalized output power of the energy harvesting system relies on two combined parameters, i.e., the normalized electrical resistive load and normalized embedded depth. It suggests that the output power of the system may be maximized by properly selecting the geometrical, material, and circuit parameters in a combined manner. This strategy might also provide a useful guideline for optimization of piezoelectric energy harvesting system in practical roadway applications.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the PEH package designs and wheel tracking test: (a) photograph and structural illustration of the PZT single chip, and tracking board specimen using MC nylon with buried PZT chips; (b) layout of the PZT chips in the tracking board specimen; (c) photograph of wheel tracking test; (d) the cross-sectional illustration of the tracking board with the inset figure for the overlapping procedure when the wheel rolls over the PZT chip

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Fig. 2

Output voltage from one of the PZT chip in the PEH device: (a) the peak voltage output by each PZT chip when the wheel rolls along a path that an individual chip is at the path center and (b) experimental measurements and theoretical predictions of the voltage signals from PZT chip No. 1 for various embedded depths

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Fig. 3

Comparisons of the theoretical analytical predictions and finite element simulations: (a) FEM model of the tracking board specimen when the wheel load is at the center; (b) variation of the attenuating coefficient of the transverse normal stress versus the embedded depth; and (c) and (d) effective output voltage versus the electrical resistive load for d = 10 mm and d = 40 mm

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Fig. 4

Experimental measurements and theoretical predictions for the effective output voltage for various embedded depths and electrical resistive loads

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Fig. 5

Experimental measurements and theoretical predictions for the effective output power for various embedded depths and electrical resistive loads with different sizes of moving loads

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Fig. 6

Variations of the normalized output power P/P0 versus the normalized embedded depth d/a for several selected electrical resistive loads (L/rp = 27.5)

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Fig. 7

Variations of the normalized output power P/α2P0 versus the normalized electrical resistive load RE/R0 (L/rp = 27.5)

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