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Research Papers

Adhesion of Partially and Fully Collapsed Nanotubes

[+] Author and Article Information
Ming Li, Hao Li, Fengwei Li

State Key Laboratory of Structural Analysis for
Industrial Equipment,
Dalian University of Technology,
Dalian 116024, China

Zhan Kang

State Key Laboratory of Structural Analysis for
Industrial Equipment,
Dalian University of Technology,
Dalian 116024, China;
International Research Center for Computational
Mechanics,
Dalian University of Technology,
Dalian 116024, China

1M. Li and H. Li have contributed equally.

2Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received September 1, 2018; final manuscript received October 24, 2018; published online November 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Yashashree Kulkarni.

J. Appl. Mech 86(1), 011013 (Nov 14, 2018) (10 pages) Paper No: JAM-18-1502; doi: 10.1115/1.4041826 History: Received September 01, 2018; Revised October 24, 2018

The competition between the structural rigidity and the van der Waals interactions may lead to collapsing of aligned nanotubes, and the resulting changes of both configurations and properties promise the applications of nanotubes in nano-composites and nano-electronics. In this paper, a finite-deformation model is applied to study the adhesion of parallel multiwall nanotubes with both partial and full collapsing, in which the noncontact adhesion energy is analytically determined. The analytical solutions of both configurations and energies of collapsed nanotubes are consistent with the molecular dynamics (MD) results, demonstrating the effectiveness of the finite-deformation model. To study the critical conditions of generating the partially and fully collapsed multiwall nanotubes, our analytical model gives the predictions for both the geometry- and energy-related critical diameters, which are helpful for the stability analysis and design of nanotube-based nano-devices.

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Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Topics: Adhesion , Nanotubes
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Atomic structures obtained through the MD simulations of (a) partially and (b) fully collapsed nanotubes, and schematic illustrations of (c) partially and (d) fully collapsed beams. The dash lines in the beams denote the neutral planesand the interwall distance is d.

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Fig. 2

Schematic processes of the MD models to generate the partially and fully collapsed configurations: (a) the initial circular state becomes the partially collapsed state under the van der Waals interactions and (b) the initial partially collapsed state under the external perturbation, and finally becomes full collapsed state

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Fig. 3

The comparisons of analytical solutions and MD results of the profiles for (a) partially collapsed and (b) fully collapsed single-wall (30,30) nanotubes, and (c) partially collapsed and (d) fully collapsed triple-wall (35,35)-(40,40)-(45,45) nanotubes

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Fig. 4

Comparisons of the analytical solutions and MD results of the total energies for (a) single-wall and (b) triple-wall cases considering frozen circular, partially collapsed and fully collapsed sectional configurations

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Fig. 5

Comparisons of analytical solutions, fitting solutions, and numerical solutions of critical diameters for (a) single-wall and (b) triple-wall partially collapsed nanotubes

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Fig. 6

Comparisons of numerical solutions with semi-analytical solutions and fitting solutions for geometry-related critical diameters of (a) single-wall and (b) triple-wall fully collapsed nanotubes, and comparisons for the energy-related critical diameters of (c) single-wall and (d) triple-wall fully collapsed nanotubes

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Fig. 7

Schematic illustrations of adhesion region (shadow region) for (a) partially and (b) fully collapsed nanotubes

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