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Research Papers

Ron Resch Origami Pattern Inspired Energy Absorption Structures

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhe Chen, Tonghao Wu, Guodong Nian, Yejie Shan, Xueya Liang

State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and
Mechatronic System,
Key Laboratory of Soft Machines and Smart
Devices of Zhejiang Province,
Department of Engineering Mechanics,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China

Hanqing Jiang

School for Engineering of Matter,
Transport and Energy,
Arizona State University,
Tempe, AZ 85287
e-mail: Hanqing.Jiang@asu.edu

Shaoxing Qu

State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and
Mechatronic System,
Key Laboratory of Soft Machines and Smart
Devices of Zhejiang Province,
Department of Engineering Mechanics,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: squ@zju.edu.cn

1Corresponding authors.

Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received August 16, 2018; final manuscript received September 4, 2018; published online October 5, 2018. Editor: Yonggang Huang.

J. Appl. Mech 86(1), 011005 (Oct 05, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: JAM-18-1473; doi: 10.1115/1.4041415 History: Received August 16, 2018; Revised September 04, 2018

Energy absorption structures are widely used in many scenarios. Thin-walled members have been heavily employed to absorb impact energy. This paper presents a novel, Ron Resch origami pattern inspired energy absorption structure. Experimental characterization and numerical simulations were conducted to study the energy absorption of this structure. The results show a new collapse mode in terms of energy absorption featuring multiple plastic hinge lines, which lead to the peak force reduction and larger effective stroke, as compared with the classical honeycomb structure. Overall, the Ron Resch origami-inspired structure and the classical honeycomb structure are quite complementary as energy absorption structures.

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Topics: Absorption , Hinges
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Figures

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Fig. 1

Design of the origami energy absorber. (a) A Ron Resch pattern in its planar state. The solid lines represent “mountain” creases and the dashed lines represent “valley.” (b) Process of a Ron Resch dome deforming to a Ron Resch plate upon compressive load from the top. (c) Three dihedral angles β1, β2, and β3 are used to describe a Ron Resch pattern. (d) An energy absorbing structure with Ron Resch pattern. Two crucial geometric parameters l and h are used to describe the structure.

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Fig. 2

Experiments for investigating the energy absorption properties of the origami absorber. (a) An origami absorber with multiple origami units is fabricated by 3D printing. (b) A quasi-static axial crushing test is carried out. (c) Material engineering stress–strain curve obtained by uniaxial tensile tests.

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Fig. 3

(a) Setting up a numerical model. A periodic repeated unit of the origami absorber is adopted and the way to divide the periodic boundary is shown in the inset. (b) Ten natural modes of the numerical model.

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Fig. 4

(a) Crushing process of No. 2 model in simulation and (b) PEEQ contour maps. Here, No. 2 model represents the model with l/h=1.81 shown in Table 1.

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Fig. 5

Comparison of collapse mode in both experiment and simulation

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Fig. 6

Force versus displacement curves of No. 2 model obtained by both experiment and simulation. Here, No. 2 model represents the model with l/h=1.81 shown in Table 1.

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Fig. 7

Force versus displacement curves of physical and numerical models. Here, numbers 1, 2, 3 represent models with different l and h ratios shown in Table 1.

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Fig. 8

(a) and (b) Mises stress maps of No. 1 and No. 3 models on deformed shapes. (c) and (d) PEEQ contour maps of No. 1 and No. 3 models on undeformed shapes. Here, No. 1 and No. 3 models represent models with different l and h ratios shown in Table 1.

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