Graphynes, a new family of carbon allotropes, exhibit superior mechanical properties depending on their atomic structures and have been proposed as a promising building materials for nanodevices. Accurate modeling and clearer understanding of their mechanical properties are essential to the future applications of graphynes. In this paper, an analytical molecular mechanics model is proposed for relating the elastic properties of graphynes to their atomic structures directly. The closed-form expressions for the in-plane stiffness and Poisson's ratio of graphyne-n are obtained for small strains. It is shown that the in-plane stiffness is a decreasing function whereas Poisson's ratio is an increasing function of the number of acetylenic linkages between two adjacent hexagons in graphyne-n. The present analytical results enable direct linkages between mechanical properties and lattice structures of graphynes; thereby, providing useful guidelines in designing graphyne configurations to suit their potential applications. Based on an effective bond density analysis, a scaling law is also established for the in-plane stiffness of graphyne-n which may have implications for their other mechanical properties.