Using the Sobolev–Smirnov method, we have found the exact analytical solution of a longitudinal impact of semi-infinite plane elastic bars for any time after the impact. After collision, there are loading waves from contact surfaces of bars and unloading waves from lateral surfaces. Then the unloading waves reach the opposite surface of the bars and create the reflected loading waves. These loading waves reach the other surface of the bars and generate new unloading waves. The number of waves grows exponentially. The sum of waves tends to the wave of the one-dimensional approximation.