In this study, both the dynamic shear (torsion) and axial compressive responses of porcine lung tissue were examined using modified Kolsky bar techniques. High-rate compression data were collected using a Kolsky bar with a hollow transmission bar on annular specimens at strain rates between 1000–3000 s−1. The radial deformation of the annular specimen was recorded on a modified single loading Kolsky bar using high-speed imaging capabilities. The collected images and analysis of boundary movement indicated inhomogeneous specimen deformation induced by radial inertia, which significantly altered the desired uniaxial stress state in such high-rate compression test techniques. A novel torsion experimental technique was developed to obtain the dynamic pure shear behavior of lung tissue at shear strain rates above 500 s−1 without inertia effects. The pure shear response was found to be two orders of magnitude weaker than the uniaxial compressive response when compared by equivalent stress–strain relations.