On Crack Initiation Mechanisms in Fretting Fatigue

[+] Author and Article Information
B. Yang

Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 

S. Mall

Materials and Manufacturing Directorate Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433

J. Appl. Mech 68(1), 76-80 (May 09, 2000) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1344901 History: Received September 07, 1999; Revised May 09, 2000
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Dobromirski, J. M., 1992, “Variables of Fretting Process: Are There 50 of Them?” Standardization of Fretting Fatigue Test Methods and Equipment, ASTM STP 1159, M. Helmi Attia and R. B. Waterhouse, eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp. 60–66.
Nishioka,  K., and Hirakawa,  K., 1969, “Fundamental Investigations of Fretting Fatigue: Part 2,” Bull. JSME, 12, pp. 189–287.
Antoniou,  R. A., and Radtke,  T. C., 1997, “Mechanisms of Fretting-Fatigue of Titanium Alloys,” Mater. Sci. Eng., A237, pp. 229–240.
Waterhouse,  R. B., and Taylor,  D. E., 1971, “The Initiation of Fatigue Cracks in a 0.7% Carbon Steel by Fretting,” Wear, 17, pp. 139–147.
Lamacq,  V., Dubourg,  M.-C., and Vincent,  L., 1996, “Crack Path Prediction Under Fretting Fatigue—A Theoretical and Experimental Approach,” ASME J. Tribol., 118, pp. 711–720.
Wharton,  M. H., Taylor,  D. E., and Waterhouse,  R. B., 1973, “Metallurgical Factors in the Fretting-Fatigue Behavior of 70/30 Brass and 0.7% Carbon Steel,” Wear, 23, pp. 251–260.
Endo,  K., and Goto,  H., 1976, “Initiation and Propagation of Fretting Fatigue Cracks,” Wear, 38, pp. 311–324.
Tanaka,  K., Mutoh,  Y., Sakoda,  S., and Leadbeater,  G., 1985, “Fretting Fatigue in 0.55c Spring Steel and 0.45c Carbon Steel,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct., 8, pp. 129–142.
Nix,  K. J., and Lindley,  T. C., 1985, “The Application of Fracture Mechanics to Fretting Fatigue,” Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct., 8, pp. 143–160.
Sato,  K., Fujii,  H., and Kodama,  S., 1986, “Crack Propagation Behavior in Fretting Fatigue,” Wear, 107, pp. 245–262.
Hills,  D. A., Nowell,  D., and O’Connor,  J. J., 1988, “On the Mechanics of Fretting Fatigue,” Wear, 125, pp. 129–146.
Faanes,  S., 1995, “Inclined Cracks in Fretting Fatigue,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 52, pp. 71–82.
Lamacq,  V., Dubourg,  M.-C., and Vincent,  L., 1997, “A Theoretical Model for the Prediction of Initial Growth Angles and Sites of Fretting Fatigue Cracks,” Tribol. Int., 30, pp. 391–400.
Kim,  Hyung-Kyu, and Lee,  Soo-Bok, 1997, “Crack Initiation and Growth Behavior of Al 2024-T4 Under Fretting Fatigue,” Int. J. Fatigue, 19, pp. 243–251.
Ruiz,  C., Boddington,  P. H. B., and Chen,  K. C., 1984, “An Investigation of Fatigue and Fretting in a Dovetail Joint,” Exp. Mech., 24, pp. 208–217.
Cheng,  W., Cheng,  H. S., Mura,  T., and Keer,  L. M., 1994, “Micromechanics Modeling of Crack Initiation Under Contact Fatigue,” ASME J. Tribol., 116, pp. 2–8.
Szolwinski,  Matthew P., and Farris,  Thomas N., 1996, “Mechanics of Fretting Fatigue Crack Formulation,” Wear, 198, pp. 93–107.
Fellows,  L. J., Nowell,  D., and Hills,  D. A., 1997, “On the Initiation of Fretting Fatigue Cracks,” Wear, 205, pp. 120–129.
Giannakopoulos,  A. E., Lindley,  T. C., and Suresh,  S., 1998, “Aspects of Equivalence Between Contact Mechanics and Fracture Mechanics: Theoretical Connections and Life-Prediction Methodology for Fretting-Fatigue,” Acta Mater., 46, pp. 2955–2968.
Giannakopoulos,  A. E., Venkatesh,  T. A., Lindley,  T. C., and Suresh,  S., 1999, “The Role of Adhesion in Contact Fatigue,” Acta Mater., 47, pp. 4653–4664.
Hills, D. A., Nowell, D., and Sackfield, A., 1993, Mechanics of Elastic Contacts, Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, UK.
Williams,  M. L., 1957, “On the Stress Distribution at the Base of a Stationary Crack,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 24, pp. 109–114.
Nowell,  D., and Hills,  D. A., 1987, “Mechanics of Fretting Fatigue Tests,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 29, pp. 355–365.
Erdogan,  F., and Sih,  G. C., 1963, “On the Crack Extension in Plates Under Plane Loading and Transverse Shear,” J. Basic Eng., 91, pp. 764–769.
Wu,  C. H., 1978, “Fracture Under Combined Loads by Maximum Energy Release Rate Criterion,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 45, pp. 553–558.
Palaniswamy, K., and Knauss, W. G., 1978, “On the Problem of Crack Extension in Brittle Solids Under General Loading,” Mechanics Today, S. Nemat-Nasser, ed., Pergamon, New York, pp. 87–148.
Sih,  G. C., 1974, “Strain-Energy-Density Factor Applied to Mixed Mode Crack Problems,” Int. J. Fract., 10, pp. 305–321.
Nuismer,  R. J., 1975, “An Energy Release Rate Criterion for Mixed Mode Fracture,” Int. J. Fract., 11, pp. 245–250.
Shen,  Minsheng, and Shen,  M.-H. Herman, 1995, “Direction of Crack Extension Under General Plane Loading,” Int. J. Fract., 70, pp. 51–58.
Theocaris,  P. S., and Andrianopoulos,  N. P., 1984, author’s closure on the discussion by G. C. Sih and E. E. Gdoutos of “The Mises Elastic-Plastic Boundary as the Core Region in Fracture Criteria,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 20, pp. 691–694.
Qian,  J., and Fatemi,  A., 1996, “Mixed Mode Fatigue Crack Growth: A Literature Survey,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 55, pp. 969–990.
Otsuka,  A., Mori,  K., and Miyata,  T., 1975, “The Condition of Fatigue Crack Growth in Mixed Mode Condition,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 7, pp. 429–439.
Shen,  B., 1995, “The Mechanism of Fracture Coalescence in Compression—Experimental Study and Numerical Simulation,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 51, pp. 73–85.
Shen,  B., and Stephansson,  O., 1994, “Modification of the G-Criterion for Crack Propagation Subjected to Compression,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 47, pp. 177–189.
Cotterell,  B., and Rice,  J. R., 1980, “On a Slightly Curved or Kinked Crack,” Int. J. Fract., 16, pp. 155–169.
Rice,  J. R., 1974, “Limitations to the Small-Scale Yielding Approximation for Crack-Tip Plasticity,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 22, pp. 17–26.


Grahic Jump Location
(a) Fretting contact by a rigid flat-ended punch; (b) crack analogue of the fretting contact configuration in (a). The Cartesian coordinates (x,y) and the polar coordinates (r,θ) are shown for both configurations.
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of effective stress intensity factors kI and kII with angle θ, for different values of fsp. The values of kI and kII are normalized by −KI.
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of θI for maximum kI and of θII for maximum |kII| with fsp, under the condition of slip at the edge of contact, predicted by the MTS criterion and by the MSS criterion, respectively. Note that θI and θII, respectively, reach their minimum values of 70.5 deg and of 0 deg at fsp=∞. The upper and lower bounds of the crack angles observed in tests are also shown for comparison with the predictions.
Grahic Jump Location
Ratio of kI at θI to |kII| at θII as a function of fsp, under the condition of slip at the edge of contact. The ratio indicates the competition between the driving forces for opening-mode and shear-mode initiation of a crack.




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In