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Research Papers

Theory of Images in Spherical-Layered Axisymmetric Viscous Hydrodynamics

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Aderogba

Department of Mathematics, University of Lagos, Lagos 23401, Nigeriakanmiaderogba@yahoo.com

J. Appl. Mech 76(6), 061007 (Jul 23, 2009) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3130450 History: Received November 19, 2007; Revised February 09, 2009; Published July 23, 2009

A spherical drop of viscosity μ(1) and radius a1 is surrounded by a spherical shell of viscosity μ(2), internal radius a1, and external radius a2, beyond which there is an unbounded matrix fluid of viscosity μ(3). An arbitrary axisymmetric singularity acts inside or outside the viscous spherical shell. It is established that the Stokes’ stream function induced in this heterogeneous medium is explicitly expressible solely in terms of the corresponding stream function for the unperturbed homogeneous unbounded medium. As an application of the general solution, it is shown that there exists a homogeneous spherical drop of viscosity μ and radius a2, which is equivalent to the spherical drop of viscosity μ(1) and radius a1, surrounded by the spherical shell of viscosity μ(2) and outer radius a2. A new formula is also established for the effective viscosity of a multiphase medium comprising an incompressible fluid of viscosity μ(3) in which are embedded N small identical spherical drops of viscosity μ(1), surrounded by spherical shells of viscosity μ(2), assuming that the interference effects of these coated spherical drops are negligible, and that their arrangement is axisymmetrical. The corresponding two-dimensional results are also presented, by slightly modifying the three-dimensional results.

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Copyright © 2009 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1

Spherical polar coordinates

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 2

Geometry of problem with singularity in third medium

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