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Research Papers

Surface Effect and Size Dependence on the Energy Release Due to a Nanosized Hole Expansion in Plane Elastic Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
Q. Li

School of Aerospace, SVL, Xian Jiao-Tong University, Xian, 710049, P.R.C.

Y. H. Chen

School of Aerospace, SVL, Xian Jiao-Tong University, Xian, 710049, P.R.C.liqun@mailst.xjtu.edu.cn

J. Appl. Mech 75(6), 061008 (Aug 20, 2008) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2965368 History: Received November 11, 2007; Revised March 18, 2008; Published August 20, 2008

This paper deals with the surface effect and size dependence on the M-integral representing the energy release due to a nanodefect expansion in plane elasticity. Due to the high surface-to-volume ratio for reinforcing particles in the nanometer scale, the surface effect along the nanosized hole may be induced from the residual surface stress and the surface Lamé constants. The invariant integrals such as the Jk-integral vector and the M-integral customarily used in macrofracture mechanics are extended to treat plane elastic materials containing a nanosized hole. It is concluded that both components of the Jk-integral vanish when the contour selected to calculate the integral encloses the whole nanosized hole. This leads to the independence of the M-integral from the global coordinate shift. It is concluded that the surface effect and the size dependence on the energy release due to the nanohole expansion are significant especially when the hole size is less than 40 nm. This present study reveals that the discrepancies of the M-integral value with the surface effect from the referenced value M0 without the surface effect are mainly induced from the residual surface stress τ0 rather than from the surface Lamé constants μs and λs.

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Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 3

The effect of the surface residual stress on the M-integral against the size of the hole without surface constants (μs=0, λs=0)

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 2

The effect of the surface constants on the M-integral against the size of the hole without a residual surface stress (τ0=0)

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1

Plane elasticity containing a nanosized hole with the surface effect

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 4

The effect of both the residual stress and the surface constants on the M-integral against the size of the hole

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