Finite deformation elastic-plastic analysis of plane-strain pure bending of a strain hardening sheet is presented. The general closed-form solution is proposed for an arbitrary isotropic hardening law assuming that the material is incompressible. Explicit relations are given for most popular conventional laws. The stage of unloading is included in the analysis to investigate the distribution of residual stresses and springback. The paper emphasizes the method of solution and the general qualitative features of elastic-plastic solutions rather than the study of the bending process for a specific material. In particular, it is shown that rigid-plastic solutions can be used to predict the bending moment at sufficiently large strains.