Barsotti, R., Ligaro, S. S., and Royer-Carfagni, G., 2001, “The Web Bridge,” Int. J. Solids Struct.

[CrossRef], 38 , pp. 5253–5272.

Cerda, K., Ravi-Chandar, K., and Mahadevan, L., 2002, “Wrinkling of an Elastic Sheet Under Tension,” Nature419 , pp. 579–580.

Coleman, W. P., Colon, G. A., and Davis, R. S., 1983, "*Outpatient Surgery of the Skin*", Medical examination, New Hyde Park, NY

Tong, P., and Fung, Y. C., 1976, “The Stress-Strain Relationships for the Skin,” J. Biomech.

[CrossRef], 9 , pp. 649–657.

Fung, Y. C., 1984, "*Biomechanics—Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues*", Springer, New York.

Taylor, R. T., 2001, "*Finite Element Analysis Program (FEAP )*", University of California, Berkeley, CA.

Gambarotta, L., Massabò, R., Morbiducci, R., Raposio, G., and Santi, P., 2005, “In Vivo Experimental Testing and Model Identification of Human Scalp Skin,” J. Biomech.

[CrossRef], 38 , pp. 2237–2247.

Ciarlet, P. G., 1988, "*Mathematical Elasticity*", North–Holland, Amsterdam.

Holzapfel, G. A., 2001, "*Nonlinear Solid Mechanics*", Wiley and Sons, West Sussex.

Pipkin, A. C., 1986, “The Relaxed Energy Density for Isotropic Elastic Membranes,” IMA J. Appl. Math.

[CrossRef], 36 , pp. 85–99.

Pipkin, A. C., 1994, “Relaxed Energy Density for Large Deformations of Membranes,” IMA J. Appl. Math.

[CrossRef], 52 , pp. 297–308.

Wu, C. H., and Canfield, T. R., “Wrinkling in Finite Plane-Stress Theory,” Q. Appl. Math., pp. 179–199.

Steigmann, D. J., 1990, “Tension-Field Theory,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A

[CrossRef], 429 , pp. 141–173.

Wagner, H., 1970, “Flat Sheet Metal Girder With Very Thin Metal Web,” translations J. Vanier, Technical Memorandums of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics , Washington, DC, February, vol. 604 .

Mansfield, E. H., “Load Transfer Via a Wrinkled Membrane.” Proceedings of the Royal Society , London, 316 , pp. 269–289.

Mansfield, E. H., “The Bending and Stretching of Plates.” Macmillan, New York.

Steigmann, D. J., 2005 “Puncturing a Thin Elastic Sheet,” Int. J. Non-Linear Mech.

[CrossRef], 40 , pp. 255–270.

Im, S., and Kang, S., 1997, “Finite Element Analysis of Wrinkling Membranes,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 64 , pp. 263–269.

Rodemman, D. G., 1991, “Finite-Element Analysis of Wrinkling Membranes,” Commun. Appl. Numer. Methods

[CrossRef], 7 (4), pp. 299–307.

Rodemman, D. G., Drukker, J., and Oomens, C. W. J., 1987, “The Wrinkling of Thin Membranes. 2 Numerical—Analysis,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 54 , pp. 888–892.

Contri, P., and Schrefler, B. A., 1988, “A Geometrically Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Wrinkled Membrane Surfaces by No-Compression Material Model,” Commun. Appl. Numer. Methods

[CrossRef], 4 , pp. 5–15.

Stanuszek, M., 2003, “FEM Analysis of Large Deformations of Membrane Shells With Wrinkling,” Finite Elem. Anal. Design

[CrossRef], 39 , pp. 599–618.

Miller, R. K., 1985, “Finite Element Analysis of Partly Wrinkled Membranes,” Comput. Struct.

[CrossRef], 20 , pp. 631–639.

Raposio, E., and Nordström, R. E. A., 1998, “Biomechanical Properties of Scalp Flaps and Their Correlations to Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery Procedures,” Skin Res. Technol., 4 , pp. 94–98.

Borges, A. F., 1989, “Relaxed Skin Tension Lines,” Dermatol. Clin., 7 (1), pp. 169–177.

Cerda, E., 2005, “Mechanics of Scars,” J. Biomech.

[CrossRef], 38 , pp. 1598–1603.

Cavicchi, A., Gambarotta, L., and Massabò, R., 2006, “Computational Modeling of Reconstructive Surgery: The Effects of the Natural Tension on Skin Wrinkling,” unpublished.

Gambarotta, L., Massabò, R., and Morbiducci, R., 2002, “A Computational Model of Scalp Skin for in Vivo Material Characterization and Reconstructive Surgery Simulation,” "*Proc., of the Fifth World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM V)*", July 7–12, Vienna, Austria, Mang, H.A.; Rammerstorfer, F.G.; and Eberhardsteiner, J., eds., Vienna University of Technology, Austria.

Danielson, D. A., and Natarajan, S., (1975), “Tension Field Theory and Stress in Stretched Skin,” J. Biomech.

[CrossRef], 8 , pp. 135–142.

Chaudhry, H. R., Bukiet, B., Siegel, M., Findley, T., Ritter, A. B., and Guzelsu, N., 1998, “Optimal Patterns for Suturing Wounds,” J. Biomech.

[CrossRef], 31 (7), pp. 653–662.

Lott-Crumpler, D. A., and Chaudhry, H. R., 2001, “Optimal Patterns for Suturing Wounds of Complex Shapes to Foster Healing,” J. Biomech.

[CrossRef], 34 , 51–58.

Retel, V., Vescovo, P., Jacquet, E., Trivaudey, F., Varchon, D., and Burtheret, A., 1991, “Nonlinear Model of Skin Mechanical Behaviour Analysis With Finite Element Method,” Skin Res. Technol., 7 , pp. 152–158.

Chretien-Marquet, B., Caillou, V., Brasnu, D. H., Bennaceur, S., and Buisson, T., 1999, “Description of Cutaneous Excision and Suture Using a Mathematical Model,” Plast. Reconstr. Surg.

[CrossRef], 103 (1), pp. 145–150.

Yoshida, H., Tsutsumi, S., Mizunuma, M., and Yanai, A., 2001, “A Surgical Simulation System of Skin Sutures Using a Three-Dimensional Finite Element Method,” Clin. Biomech. (Los Angel. Calif.), 16 , pp. 621–626.

Yoshida, H., Tsutsumi, S., Mizunuma, M., and Yanai, A., 2000, “Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Skin Suture. Part 1: Spindle Model and S-Shaped Modified Model,” Med. Eng. Phys.

[CrossRef], 22 , pp. 481–485.

Kirby, S. D., Wang, B., To, C. W. S., and Lampe, H. B., 1998, “Nonlinear, Three-Dimensional Finite-Element Model of Skin Biomechanics,” J. Otolaryngol., 27 , pp. 153–160.

Manios, A., Katsantonis, J., Tosca, A., Skulakis, Ch., and Tsiftsis, D., 1996, “The Finite Element Method as a Research and Teaching Tool in the Analysis of Local Skin Flaps,” Dermatol. Surg., 22 , pp. 1029–1033.

Larrabee, W. F., Holloway, G. A., and Sutton, D., 1984, “Wound Tension and Blood Flow in Skin Flaps,” Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol., pp. 93–112.