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Article

Investigation of the Formation and Applications of Ice Powder

[+] Author and Article Information
D. V. Shishkin, E. S. Geskin, B. S. Goldenberg

New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102

J. Appl. Mech 72(2), 222-226 (Mar 15, 2005) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1795223 History: Received July 02, 2003; Revised June 15, 2004; Online March 15, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

Sanderson, T. J., 1988, Ice Mechanics: Risks to Offshore Structures, Graham & Trotman, London, UK.
Hobbs, P. V., 1974, Ice Physics, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Hoshizaki America, 1998, Manual, Hoshizaki America, Inc., Peachtree City, GA.

Figures

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Schematic of experimental setup: 1—icemaker, 2—cooling media control valve, 3—water control valve, 4—auger driver, 5—auger, 6—auger driver gearbox, 7—evaporator internal channels, 8—ice unloading mechanism, 9—conduits, 10—nozzle ports, 11—nozzle block, 12—air flow control valve, 13—sensors, DAQ—data acquisition card
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Device for auger rapid extraction
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Photograph of the ice-plug initial (a) and final (b) formation phases  
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Auger driver current versus time for distinct water flow rates
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Average diameter of ice granules versus water flow rate at the evaporator outlet
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Average diameter of ice granules versus ice temperature at the evaporator outlet
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Schematic of the hypothetical mechanism of ice-plug fragmentation  
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Forces involved in ice-plug fragmentation: F11,F22—principal compressive forces, Fa—auger generated forces
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Photographs of a) graffiti painting, b) graffiti painting removed with ice-airjet; c) heavily greased machined part, c) grease removed from the part with ice-airjet

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