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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Mechanical Modeling of Fabrics in Bending

[+] Author and Article Information
T. J. Lahey, G. R. Heppler

Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada

J. Appl. Mech 71(1), 32-40 (Mar 17, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1629757 History: Received September 09, 2002; Revised June 23, 2003; Online March 17, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Friction , Textiles , Modeling
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References

Abbott,  N. J., 1951, “The Measurement of Stiffness in Textile Fabrics,” Text. Res. J., 21, pp. 435–444.
Grosberg,  P., and Abbott,  G. M., 1966, “Measurement of Fabric Stiffness and Hysteresis in Bending,” Text. Res. J., 36, pp. 928–930.
Livesey,  R. G., and Owen,  J. D., 1964, “Cloth Stiffness and Hysteresis in Bending,” J. Text. Inst., 55, pp. T516–T530.
Grosberg,  P., and Abbott,  G. M., 1966, “The Fabric Cantilever,” Text. Res. J., 36, pp. 930–932.
Grosberg,  P., 1966, “The Mechanical Properties of Woven Fabric—Part II: The Bending of Woven Fabrics,” Text. Res. J., 36, pp. 205–211.
Grosberg,  P., and Swani,  N. M., 1966, “The Mechanical Properties of Woven Fabric—Part IV: The Determination of the Bending Rigidity and Frictional Restraint in Woven Fabrics,” Text. Res. J., 36, pp. 338–345.
Zhou,  Naiyue, and Ghosh,  Tushar K., 1999, “On-Line Measurement of Fabric Bending Behavior—Part III: Dynamic Considerations and Experimental Implementation,” Text. Res. J., 69(3), pp. 176–184.
Shi,  Fengjun, Hu,  Jinlian, and Yu,  Tongxi, 2000, “Modeling the Creasing Properties of Woven Fabrics,” Text. Res. J., 70(3), pp. 247–255.
Hu,  Jinlian, and Chung,  Siuping, 2000, “Bending Behavior of Woven Fabrics With Vertical Seams,” Text. Res. J., 70(2), pp. 148–153.
Hu,  J. L., Lo,  W. M., and Lo,  M. T., 2000, “Bending Hysteresis of Plain Woven Fabrics in Various Directions,” Text. Res. J., 70(3), pp. 237–242.
Kawabata, Sueo, 1986, The Standardization and Analysis of Hand Evaluation, 2nd Ed., The Textile Machinery Society of Japan, Osaka, Japan.
Lindberg,  J., Behre,  B., and Dahlberg,  B., 1961, “Mechanical Properties of Textile Fabrics—Part III: Shearing and Buckling of Various Commerical Fabrics,” Text. Res. J., 31, pp. 99–122.
Bliman, P. A., and Sorine, M., 1993, “Friction Modeling by Hysteresis Operators. Application to Dahl, Sticktion, and Stribeck Effects,” Models of Hysteresis, Longman Scientific and Technical, London.
Bliman, P. A., and Sorine, M., 1993, “A System-Theoretic Approach of Systems With Hysteresis. Application to Friction Modelling and Compensation,” Proceedings of the 2nd European Control Conference, Gronigen, Netherlands, European Union Control Association (EUCA), pp. 1844–1849.
Bliman, P. A., and Sorine, M., 1995, “Easy-to-Use Realistic Dry Friction Models for Automatic Control,” Proceedings of the 3rd European Control Conference, Rome, Sept., European Union Control Association (EUCA), pp. 3788–3794.
Lahey, T. J., 2002, “Modelling Hysteresis in the Bending of Fabrics,” Master’s thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON.
Deng, Shigan, 1994, “Nonlinear Fabric Mechanics Including Material Nonlinearity, Contact, and an Adaptive Global Solution Algorithm,” Ph.D. thesis, North Carolina State University.
Lahey, T. J., and Heppler, G. R., 2002, “Mechanical Modeling of Fabrics in Bending,” Proceedings of the Symposium on Recent Advances in Solids and Structures, ASME, New York, IMECE2002-PVP-32312.

Figures

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Zhou and Ghosh (1999) bending model
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Shi et al. (2000) bending model
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KES: bending measurements
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A representative KES-FB result
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Model of fabric bending
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Bliman and Sorine second-order model
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Warp-float satin (4×1) weave cross section
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Warp-float satin (4×1) weave pattern
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Polyester satin–frictional contribution to the bending moment
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Polyester satin–weft direction (no friction and no cubic)
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Polyester satin–weft direction (no friction)
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Polyester satin–weft direction (no cubic)
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Polyester satin–weft direction full model
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Polyester satin–warp direction full model
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Cotton twill–weft direction full model
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Cotton twill–warp direction full model

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