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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Aerodynamic Interactions Between Parachute Canopies

[+] Author and Article Information
K. Stein

Department of Physics, Bethel College, St. Paul, MN 55112

T. Tezduyar, V. Kumar, S. Sathe

Mechanical Engineering, Rice University, MS 321, Houston, TX 77005

R. Benney

Natick Soldier Center, Natick, MA 01760

E. Thornburg, C. Kyle

U.S. Military Academy, West Point, NY 10996

T. Nonoshita

Nepon, Inc., Kanagawa, Japan

J. Appl. Mech 70(1), 50-57 (Jan 23, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1530634 History: Received August 23, 2001; Revised March 18, 2002; Online January 23, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Peterson,  C. W., Strickland,  J. H., and Higuchi,  H., 1996, “The Fluid Dynamics of Parachute Inflation,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 28, pp. 361–387.
Benney,  R. J., and Stein,  K. R., 1996, “A Computational Fluid Structure Interaction Model for Parachute Inflation,” J. Aircr., 33, pp. 730–736.
Stein, K. R., Benney, R. J., Kalro, V., Johnson, A. A., and Tezduyar, T. E., 1997, “Parallel Computation of Parachute Fluid-Structure Interactions,” AIAA Paper No. 97-1505.
Stein, K., Benney, R., Kalro, V., Tezduyar, T., Leonard, J., and Accorsi, M., 1999, “3-D Computation of Parachute Fluid-Structure Interactions: Performance and Control,” AIAA Paper No. 99-1714.
Ibos, C., Lacroix, C., Goy, A., and Bordenave, P., 1999, “Fluid-Structure Simulation of 3D ram Air Parachute With Sinpa Software,” AIAA Paper No. 99-1713.
Tezduyar,  T. E., 1991, “Stabilized Finite Element Formulations for Incompressible Flow Computations,” Adv. Appl. Mech., 28, pp. 1–44.
Tezduyar,  T. E., Behr,  M., and Liou,  J., 1992, “A New Strategy for Finite Element Computations Involving Moving Boundaries and Interfaces—The Deforming-Spatial-Domain/Space-Time Procedure: I. The Concept and the Preliminary Tests,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 94, pp. 339–351.
Tezduyar,  T. E., Behr,  M., Mittal,  S., and Liou,  J., 1992, “A New Strategy for Finite Element Computations Involving Moving Boundaries and Interfaces—The Deforming-Spatial-Domain/Space-Time Procedure: II. Computation of Free-Surface Flows, Two-Liquid Flows, and Flows With Drifting Cylinders,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 94, pp. 353–371.
Tezduyar,  T. E., and Osawa,  Y., 1999, “Methods for parallel computation of complex flow problems,” Parallel Comput., 25, pp. 2039–2066.
Behr,  M., and Tezduyar,  T. E., 1994, “Finite element solution strategies for large-scale flow simulations,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 112, pp. 3–24.
Hilber,  H. M., Hughes,  T. J. R., and Taylor,  R. L., 1977, “Improved Numerical Dissipation for Time Integration Algorithms in Structural Dynamics,” Earthquake Eng. Struct. Dyn., 5, pp. 283–292.
Tezduyar,  T., Aliabadi,  S., Behr,  M., Johnson,  A., and Mittal,  S., 1993, “Parallel Finite-Element Computation of 3D Flows,” IEEE Computer, 26 , pp. 27–36.
Tezduyar, T. E., Behr, M., Mittal, S., and Johnson, A. A., 1992, “Computation of Unsteady Incompressible Flows With the Finite Element Methods—Space-Time Formulations, Iterative Strategies and Massively Parallel Implementations,” New Methods in Transient Analysis, P. Smolinski, W. K. Liu, G. Hulbert, and K. Tamma, eds. AMD-Vol.143, ASME, New York, pp. 7–24.
Stein, K., Benney, R., Tezduyar, T., Kumar, V., Thornburg, E., Kyle, C., and Nonoshita, T., 2001, “Aerodynamic Interaction Between Multiple Parachute Canopies,” Proceedings of the First MIT Conference on Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, MA.
Macha, J. M., and Buffington, R. J., 1989, “Wall-Interference Corrections for Parachutes in a Closed Wind Tunnel,” AIAA Paper No. 89-0900.
Sahu, J., and Benney, R., 1997, “Prediction of Terminal Descent Characteristics of Parachute Clusters Using CFD,” AIAA Paper No. 97-1453.
Lee,  C. K., Lanza,  J., and Buckley,  J., 1996, “Apparatus and Method for Measuring Angular Positions of Parachute Canopies,” J. Aircr., 33, pp. 1197–1199.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Aerodynamic interactions of two parachutes. Parachute canopy (left), paratrooper (right).
Grahic Jump Location
Aerodynamic interactions of two parachutes. Velocity (left), vorticity (right).
Grahic Jump Location
Aerodynamic interactions of two parachutes. Influence of horizontal spacing on drag, D.
Grahic Jump Location
Aerodynamic interactions of two parachutes. Influence of horizontal spacing on Fx.
Grahic Jump Location
Fluid-structure interactions of two parachutes. T-10 parachute structural model.
Grahic Jump Location
Fluid-structure interactions of two parachutes. Vorticity at four instants.
Grahic Jump Location
Fluid-structure interactions of two parachutes. Structural motion and differential pressure distribution at t=0.00, 0.64, 1.27, and 1.91 seconds.
Grahic Jump Location
Aerodynamic interactions in parachute clusters. Vorticity.

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