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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Scaling of Sea Ice Fracture—Part II: Horizontal Load From Moving Ice

[+] Author and Article Information
Z. P. Bažant

Walter P. Murphy Professor of Civil Engineering and Materials Science, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 e-mail: z-bazant@northwestern.edu

J. Appl. Mech 69(1), 19-24 (Jul 19, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1429933 History: Received August 07, 2000; Revised July 19, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Ashton, G., ed., 1986, River and Lake Ice Engineering, Water Resources Publications.
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Palmer,  A. C., Goodman,  D. J., Ashby,  M. F., Evans,  A. G., Hutchinson,  J. W., and Ponter,  A. R. S., 1983, “Fracture and Its Role in Determining Ice Forces on Offshore Structures,” Ann. Glaciol., 4, pp. 216–221.
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Sedov, L. I., 1959, Similarity and Dimensional Methods in Mechanics, Academic Press, San Diego CA.
Barenblatt, G. I., 1987, Dimensional Analysis, Gordon and Breach, New York.
Barenblatt, G. I., 1979, Similarity, Self-Similarity and Intermediate Asymptotics, Consultants Bureau (Plenum Press), New York, (transl. from Russian original, 1978).
Tada, H., Paris, P. C., and Irwin, J. K., 1985, The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook, 2nd Ed., Paris Productions, St. Louis, MO.
Bažant, Z. P., and Planas, J. 1998, Fracture and Size Effect in Concrete and Other Quasibrittle Materials, CRC, Boca Raton, FL.
Bažant,  Z. P., and Chen,  E.-P., 1997, “Scaling of Structural Failure,” Appl. Mech. Rev., 50, No. 10, pp. 593–627.
Schulson,  E. M., 1990, “The Brittle Compressive Fracture of Ice,” Acta Metall. Mater., 38, No. 10, pp. 1963–1976.
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Bažant,  Z. P., and Xiang,  Yuyin, 1997, “Size Effect in Compression Fracture: Splitting Crack Band Propagation,” J. Eng. Mech., 123, No. 2, pp. 162–172.
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Dempsey,  J. P., Adamson,  R. M., and Mulmule,  S. V., 1999, “Scale Effects on the in situ Tensile Strength and Fracture of Ice: Part II. First-Year Sea Ice at Resolute, N. W. T.,” Int. J. Fract., 95, pp. 346–378.
Mulmule, S. V., Dempsey, J. P., and Adamson, R. M., 1995, “Large-Scale in-situ Ice Fracture Experiments—Part II: Modeling Efforts, in Ice Mechanics—1995,” ASME Joint Applied Mechanics and Materials Summer Conference, Vol. AMD - MD 1995, Los Angeles, June 28–30.
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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
(a) Buckling of ice plate pushing horizontally against a fixed structure, (b,c,d) radial cleavage crack, and (e–g) diverging V-cracks
Grahic Jump Location
Size effect associated with radial cleavage fracture (solid curve—LEFM solution, dashed curve—cohesive crack solution)
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Compression fracture of ice plate, (b) axial splitting fracture, (c) size effects corresponding to (a) and (b), and (d) overall fracture of ice floe

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