Orihara, K., 1999, “Self-Assembly of Functionally Graded Plastics by a Particular Phase Separation of Polymer Blend and Its Applications,” *Fifth U.S. National Congress on Computational Mechanics, Book of Abstracts*, pp. 399–400.

Pompe,
W., Lampenscherf,
S., Rössler,
S., Scharnweber,
D., Weis,
K., Worch,
H., and Hofinger,
J., 1999, “Functionally Graded Bioceramics,” Mater. Sci. Forum, 308–311, pp. 325–330.

Nogata,
F., and Takahashi,
H., 1995, “Intelligent Functionally Graded Material: Bamboo,” Composites Eng., 5, pp. 743–751.

Hirano,
T., Teraki,
J., and Nishio,
Y., 1999, “Computational Design for Functionally Graded Thermoelectric Materials,” Mater. Sci. Forum, 308–311, pp. 641–646.

Reiter,
T., Dvorak,
G. J., and Tvergaard,
V., 1997, “Micromechanical Models for Graded Composite Materials,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 45, pp. 1281–1302.

Reiter,
T., and Dvorak,
G. J., 1998, “Micromechanical Models for Graded Composite Materials: II. Thermomechanical Loading,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 46, pp. 1655–1673.

Gasik,
M. M., 1998, “Micromechanical Modelling of Functionally Graded Materials,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 13, pp. 42–55.

Aboudi,
J., Pindera,
M. J., and Arnold,
S. M., 1999, “Higher-Oder Theory for Functionally Graded Materials,” Composites, Part B, 30B, pp. 777–832.

Kawasaki,
A., and Watanabe,
R., 1987, “Finite Element Analysis of Thermal Stress of the Metals/Ceramics Multi-Layer Composites with Controlled Compositional Gradients,” J. Jpn. Inst. Met., 51, pp. 525–529.

Noda,
N., 1999, “Thermal Stresses in Functionally Graded Materials,” J. Therm. Stresses,22, pp. 477–512.

Praveen,
G. N., and Reddy,
J. N., 1998, “Nonlinear Transient Thermoelastic Analysis of Functionally Graded Ceramic-Metal Plates,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 35, pp. 4457–4476.

Kolednik,
O., 2000, “The Yield Stress Gradient Effect in Inhomogeneous Materials,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 37, pp. 781–808.

Paulino,
G. H., Fannjiang,
A. C., and Chan,
Y. S., 1999, “Gradient Elasticity Theory for a Mode III Crack in a Functionally Graded Material,” Mater. Sci. Forum, 308–311, pp. 971–976.

Cai,
H., and Bao,
G., 1998, “Crack Bridging in Functionally Graded Coatings,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 35, pp. 701–717.

Erdogan,
F., 1995, “Fracture Mechanics of Functionally Graded Materials,” Composites Eng., 5, pp. 753–770.

Jin,
Z.-H., and Batra,
R. C., 1996, “Some Basic Fracture Mechanics Concepts in Functionally Graded Materials,” J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 44, pp. 1221–1235.

Becker,
T. L., Cannon,
R. M., and Ritchie,
R. O., 1999, “A Statistical RKR Fracture Model for the Brittle Fracture of Functionally Graded Materials,” Mater. Sci. Forum, 308–311, pp. 957–962.

Rice, J. R., 1968, “Mathematical Analysis in the Mechanics of Fracture,” *Fracture—An Advanced Treatise*, Vol. II, H. Liebowitz, ed., Pergamon Press, Oxford, pp. 191–311.

Paulino,
G. H., Saif,
M. T. A., and Mukherjee,
S., 1993, “A Finite Elastic Body With a Curved Crack Loaded in Anti-Plane Shear,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 30, pp. 1015–1037.

Erdogan,
F., 1985, “The Crack Problem for Bonded Nonhomogeneous Materials Under Antiplane Shear Loading,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 52, pp. 823–828.

Ang,
W. T., Clements,
D. L., and Cooke,
T., 1999, “A Hypersingular Boundary Integral Equation for Antiplane Crack Problems for a Class of Inhomogeneous Anisotropic Elastic Materials,” Eng. Anal. Boundary Elem., 23, pp. 567–572.

Atkinson,
C., and Chen,
C. Y., 1996, “The Influence of Layer Thickness on the Stress Intensity Factor of a Crack Lying in an Elastic (Viscoelastic) Layer Embedded in a Different Elastic (Viscoelastic) Medium (Mode III Analysis),” Int. J. Eng. Sci., 34, pp. 639–658.

Paulino,
G. H., and Jin,
Z.-H., 2001, “Correspondence Principle in Viscoelastic Functionally Graded Materials,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 68, pp. 129–132.

Christensen, R. M., 1971, *Theory of Viscoelasticity*, Academic Press, New York.

Hirai, T., 1996, “Functionally Gradient Materials,” *Materials Science and Technology, 17B: Processing of Ceramics, Part 2* R. J. Brook, ed., VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Weinheim, Germany, pp. 292–341.

Ogorkiewicz, R. M., 1970, *Engineering Properties of Thermoplastics*, John Wiley and Sons, London.

Lambros,
J., Santare,
M. H., Li,
H., and Sapna,
G. H., 1999, “A Novel Technique for the Fabrication of Laboratory Scale Model Functionally Graded Materials,” Exp. Mech., 39, pp. 184–190.

Erdogan, F., Gupta, G. D., and Cook, T. S., 1973, “Numerical Solution of Singular Integral Equations,” *Mechanics of Fracture*, Vol. 1, G. C. Sih, ed., Noordhoff, Leyden, pp. 368–425.

Broberg, K. B., 1999, *Cracks and Fracture*, Academic Press, London.

Tada, H., Paris, P., and Irwin, G., 1973, *The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook*, Del Research Corporation, Helletown, PA.