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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Bond-Induced Longitudinal Fracture in Reinforced Concrete

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Ghandehari

Department of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY 11201

S. Krishnaswamy

Department of Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208

S. Shah

Department of Civil Engineering Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208

J. Appl. Mech 67(4), 740-748 (Feb 16, 2000) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1313822 History: Received May 21, 1999; Revised February 16, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

Lutz, L. A., and Gergely, P., 1967, “Mechanics of Bond and Slip of Deformed Bars in Concrete,” ACI J., November, pp. 711–721.
Gambarova,  P. G., Rosati,  G. P., and Zasso,  B., 1989, “Steel-to-Concrete Bond After Splitting: Test Results,” Mater. Struct., 22, No. 127, pp. 36–47.
Modena, C., 1992, “Theoretical Prediction of the Ultimate Bond Strength Between a Reinforcing Bar and Concrete,” Bond in Concrete, Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia.
Plizzari,  G., Schumm,  C., and Giuriani,  E., 1987, “The Effect of Residual Tensile Strength of Cracked Concrete on the Local Bond-Slip Law After Splitting,” Studi E Ricerche, 9, pp. 129–153.
Tepfers,  R., 1979, “Cracking of Concrete Cover Along Anchored Deformed Reinforcing Bars,” Magazine of Concrete Research, 31, No. 106, pp. 3–12.
Noghabai, K. 1995, Ph.d. disc., “Splitting of Concrete in the Anchoring Zone of Deformed Bars,” Lulea University of Technology.
Reinhardt, H. W., 1992, “Bond of Steel to Strain-Softening of Concrete Taking Account of Loading Rate,” Fracture Mechanics of Concrete Structures (FraMCoS1), Breckenridge, CO, Elsevier, New York.
Rosati, G., and Schumm, C., 1992, “Modeling of Local Bond to Concrete Bond in Reinforced Concrete Beams,” Bond in Concrete, Vol. 3, A. Skudra and A. Tepfers, eds., Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia, pp. 34–43.
Van der Veen, C., 1990, “Cryogenic Bond-Stress-Slip Relationship,” Ph.d. disc., Delft University of Technology.
Den Uijl,  J. A., and Bigaj,  A. J., 1996, “A Bond Model for Ribbed Bars Based on Concrete Confinement,” HERON, 41, No. 3, pp. 201–226.
Gopalaratnam,  V. S., and Shah,  S. P., 1985, “Softening Response of Plain Concrete in Direct Tension,” ACI J., 82, No. 3, pp. 310–323.
Ghandehari,  M., Krishnaswamy,  S., and Shah,  S. P., 1999, “A Technique for Evaluating the Interactions at the Interface in Reinforced Concrete,” J. Eng. Mech., 125, No. 2, pp. 234–241.
Creath,  K., 1985, “Phase-shifting Speckle Interferometry,” Appl. Opt., 24, No. 18, pp. 3053–3058.
FRANC2D, 1995, “A Two Dimensional Crack Propagation Simulator,” Vol. 2.7, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.
Jenq,  Y. S., and Shah,  S. P., 1985, “A Two-Parameter Fracture Model for Concrete,” J. Eng. Mech., 111, No. 4, pp. 1227–1241.
Abrishami, H., 1993, “Studies on Bond and Cracking of Structural Concrete,” Ph.d. disc, McGill University.
Ferguson, P. M., Thompson, J. N., 1965, “Development Length for Large High strength Reinforcing Bars,” ACI J., January, pp. 71–91.
Shah, S. P., Swartz, S. E., and Ouyang, C., 1995, Fracture Mechanics of Concrete, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Figures

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Bond stress and longitudinal splitting of concrete
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Loading apparatus and the interferometric setup
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Pullout splitting tests
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Crack propagation in the edge rebar specimen (d=150 mm)
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Crack propagation in the center rebar specimen (d=50 mm)
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Calculated crack flank traction used as input for numerical simulation
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Rebar pullout force versus concrete expansion at the rebar
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Components of rebar-concrete relative displacement
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Stress Intensity factor (Kl) for rebar specimens
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Numerical simulation of 9-mm rebar pullout
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Splitting by wedge pullout
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Calculated crack flank traction used as input for numerical simulation
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Numerical simulation of the wedge splitting test
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Effect of specimen size and geometry on the confinement parameter

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