A Simplified Method for Calculating the Crack-Tip Field of Functionally Graded Materials Using the Domain Integral

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Gu, M. Dao, R. J. Asaro

Division of Structural Engineering, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0085

J. Appl. Mech 66(1), 101-108 (Mar 01, 1999) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2789135 History: Received March 09, 1998; Revised July 14, 1998; Online October 25, 2007


A finite element based method is proposed for calculating stress intensity factors of functionally graded materials (FGMs). We show that the standard domain integral is sufficiently accurate when applied to FGMs; the nonhomogeneous term in the domain integral for nonhomogeneous materials is very small compared to the first term (the standard domain integral). In order to obtain it, the domain integral is evaluated around the crack tip using sufficiently fine mesh. We have estimated the error in neglecting the second term in terms of the radius of the domain for the domain integration, the material properties and their gradients. The advantage of the proposed method is that, besides its accuracy, it does not require the input of material gradients, derivatives of material properties; and existing finite element codes can be used for FGMs without much additional work. The numerical examples show that it is accurate and efficient. Also, a discussion on the fracture of the FGM interlayer structure is given.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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