The Jamb (Self-Locking) Process in Three-Dimensional Collisions

[+] Author and Article Information
J. A. Batlle, S. Cardona

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Polytechnical University of Catalunya, Av. Diagonal, 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain

J. Appl. Mech 65(2), 417-423 (Jun 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2789070 History: Received February 08, 1996; Revised June 25, 1997; Online October 25, 2007


For collisions that can be described by means of Routh’s incremental model, the jamb or self-locking process, which is characterized by a negative slope of the plot of the normal (separating) velocity vn as a function of the normal impulse Pn, is far more complicated in three dimensions than in planar collisions because its occurrence depends not only on the friction coefficient μ, but also on the direction of sliding σ, which is variable. A thorough study of the jamb process as it occurs in Routh’s model is presented. For a given collision configuration the system behavior concerning jamb can be fully characterized in the plane of vectors μσ, where four jamb-related domains are defined. Jamb is investigated in the plane of the sliding velocity—where it occurs in an angular sector—and in the vn(Pn) plots. When jamb starts during expansion, vn > O, a second compression-expansion phase can take place in some cases, and then the usual energetical restitution coefficient ew may be ill-defined. A new formulation for the energy dissipated by the normal force is presented that can be consistently applied in all cases. The new concepts and procedures are illustrated by means of an application example.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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