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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Toroidal Vibrations of Anisotropic Spheres With Spherical Isotropy

[+] Author and Article Information
K. T. Chau

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong

J. Appl. Mech 65(1), 59-65 (Mar 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2789046 History: Received August 09, 1995; Revised September 15, 1997; Online October 25, 2007

Abstract

This paper derives the exact frequency equation for the toroidal mode of vibrations for a spherically isotropic elastic sphere. The vibrations of spherically isotropic solids are solved by introducing two wave potentials (Φ and Ψ) such that the general solutions for free vibrations can be classified into two independent modes of vibrations, namely the “toroidal” and “spheroidal” modes. Both of these vibration modes can be written in terms of spherical harmonics of degree n. The frequency equation for the toroidal modes is obtained analytically, and it depends on both n and β [ = (C11 – C12)/(2C44)], where C11 C12, and C44 have the usual meaning of moduli and are defined in Eqs. (2)–(3); and, as expected, Lamb’s (1882) classical frequency equation is recovered as the isotropic limit. Numerical results show that the normalized frequency ωa/Cs increases with both n and β, where ω is the circular frequency of vibration, a the radius of the sphere, and Cs is the shear wave speed on the spherical surfaces. The natural frequencies for spheres of transversely isotropic minerals and crystals, with β ranging from 0.3719 to 1.8897, are also tabulated. However, two coupled differential equations are obtained for the spheroidal modes, which remain to be solved.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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