Boundary Element Solution for Free Edge Stresses in Composite Laminates

[+] Author and Article Information
G. Davì, A. Milazzo

Dipartimento di Meccanica e Aeronautica, Universita di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, I-90128 Palermo, Italy

J. Appl. Mech 64(4), 877-884 (Dec 01, 1997) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2788995 History: Received April 26, 1996; Revised May 23, 1997; Online October 25, 2007


The edge-stress problem in multilayered composite laminates under uniform axial extension is analyzed through an alternative method based on a boundary integral formulation. The basic equations of the formulation are discussed and solved by the multiregion boundary element method. Generalized orthotropic elasticity analytic fundamental solutions are employed to establish the integral equations governing the problem. The formulation is absolutely general with regard to the laminate stacking sequence and the section geometry and it does not require any aprioristic assumption on the elastic response nature. This makes the formulation suitable for an investigation of the singular behavior of the stress field at the free edge in composite laminates. The interlaminar normal and shear stress distributions are examined in detail with the aim of calculating the stress singularity at the interlaminar free edge. The singularity parameters, i.e., power and strength, are determined for two family of laminates in order to ascertain the effectiveness of the method for the free edge-stress problem.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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