Response and Stability of Square Tubes Under Bending

[+] Author and Article Information
S. P. Vaze, E. Corona

Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556

J. Appl. Mech 64(3), 649-657 (Sep 01, 1997) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2788942 History: Received July 11, 1996; Revised October 15, 1996; Online October 25, 2007


This paper addresses the response and stability of elastic-plastic steel tubes with square cross section under pure bending. An analytical model with sufficiently nonlinear kinematics to capture the development of ripples in the compression flange was developed. the results indicate that collapse of such tubes is imperfection sensitive for tubes with “high” height-to-thickness ratio (h/t), but the sensitivity decreases as h/t decreases. Experimentally, the tubes collapse due to a limit moment instability which is followed by the formation of a kink on the compression flange of the tubes. The limit moment and the development of the kink are captured well by the analytical model.

Copyright © 1997 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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