Vertical Vibration of a Deep Bed of Granular Material in a Container

[+] Author and Article Information
C. R. Wassgren, C. E. Brennen, M. L. Hunt

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

J. Appl. Mech 63(3), 712-719 (Sep 01, 1996) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2823354 History: Received July 18, 1994; Revised October 23, 1995; Online December 04, 2007


A deep bed of granular material (more than six layers of particles) was subjected to sinusoidal, vertical vibrations. Several phenomena were observed depending on the amplitude of excitation. These included heaping, surface waves, and arching; the transitions from one state to another involved various dynamic instabilities and bifurcations. The paper includes a description of these phenomena and the characteristic properties associated with each in addition to measurements of the transitions from one phenomena to another.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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