Flow Past a Flat Plate With a Vortex/Sink Combination

[+] Author and Article Information
N. J. Mourtos, M. Brooks

Department of Aerospace Engineering, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA 95192-0188

J. Appl. Mech 63(2), 543-550 (Jun 01, 1996) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2788902 History: Received August 01, 1994; Revised January 05, 1995; Online October 26, 2007


This paper presents a potential flow model for the leading edge vortex over a two-dimensional flat plate at an angle of attack. The paper is an extension of a model by Saffman and Sheffield (1977). A sink has been added in this model in an effort to satisfy the Kutta condition at both the leading edge and the trailing edge of the plate. The introduction of the sink was inspired by the fact that most steady vortices in nature appear in combination with a flow feature which can be interpreted as a sink at their cores when the flow is analyzed in a two-dimensional observation plane. As in the Saffman and Sheffield model, the presence of a vortex results in increased lift; however, in the current model a unique vortex/sink position is found at each angle of attack. A comparison has also been made between the lift and the drag of this model and the corresponding results for two classical solutions of flow over a flat plate: (a) the fully attached flow with the Kutta condition satisfied at the trailing edge only and (b) the Helmholtz solution of fully separated flow.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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