Intermittency Route to Chaos of a Cantilevered Pipe Conveying Fluid With a Mass Defect at the Free End

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Semler, M. P. Païdoussis

Department of Mechanical Engineering, McGill University, 817 Sherbrooke Street West, Montréal, Québec, H3A 2K6, Canada

J. Appl. Mech 62(4), 903-907 (Dec 01, 1995) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2896019 History: Received July 19, 1993; Revised October 31, 1994; Online October 30, 2007


The nonlinear equations for planar motions of a vertical cantilevered pipe conveying fluid are modified to take into account a small lumped mass added at the free end. The resultant equations contain nonlinear inertial terms; by discretizing the system first and inverting the inertia matrix, these terms are transferred into other matrices. In this paper, the dynamics of the system is examined when the added mass is negative (a mass defect), by means of numerical computations and by the software package AUTO. The system loses stability by a Hopf bifurcation, and the resultant limit cycle undergoes pitchfork and period-doubling bifurcations. Subsequently, as shown by the computation of Floquet multipliers, a type I intermittency route to chaos is followed—as illustrated further by a Lorenz return map, revealing the well-known normal form for this type of bifurcation. The period between “turbulent bursts” of nonperiodic oscillations is computed numerically, as well as Lyapunov exponents. Remarkable qualitative agreement, in both cases, is obtained with analytical results.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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