Damage Deactivation

[+] Author and Article Information
N. R. Hansen

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87115

H. L. Schreyer

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131

J. Appl. Mech 62(2), 450-458 (Jun 01, 1995) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2895951 History: Received October 07, 1993; Revised May 10, 1994; Online October 30, 2007


A phenomenological algorithm, motivated by the “mode I” microcrack opening and closing mechanism, is developed for the deactivation and reactivation of the damage effects as modeled by certain continuum damage mechanics theories. One-dimensional formulations with and without coupled plasticity are used to elucidate concepts associated with damage deactivation and to suggest multidimensional deactivation formulations applicable to continuum damage theories that employ a second-order tensor as the damage measure. Strain-based projection operators are used to deactivate the damage effects in the damage tensor. Motivated by observations from one-dimensional coupled formulations, both the total and elastic strains must be compressive for the damage to be rendered inactive. By introducing smooth functions to represent the transition from the active to the inactive state, discontinuities in the response are avoided. To illustrate the aspects associated with deactivation, a consistent set of examples using a strain-controlled one-cycle uniaxial stress loading is given for each formulation.

Copyright © 1995 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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