A Continuum Theory of a Lubrication Problem With Solid Particles

[+] Author and Article Information
Fuling Dai, M. M. Khonsari

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261

J. Appl. Mech 60(1), 48-58 (Mar 01, 1993) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2900778 History: Received July 05, 1991; Revised January 26, 1992; Online March 31, 2008


The governing equations for a two-dimensional lubrication problem involving the mixture of a Newtonian fluid with solid particles at an arbitrary volume fraction are developed using the theory of interacting continuua (mixture theory). The equations take the interaction between the fluid and the particles into consideration. Provision is made for the possibility of particle slippage at the boundaries. The equations are simplified assuming that the solid volume fraction varies in the sliding direction alone. Equations are solved for the velocity of the fluid phase and that of the solid phase of the mixture flow in the clearance space of an arbitrary shaped bearing. It is shown that the classical pure fluid case can be recovered as a special case of the solutions presented. Extensive numerical solutions are presented to quantify the effect of particulate solid for a number of pertinent performance parameters for both slider and journal bearings. Included in the results are discussions on the influence of particle slippage on the boundaries as well as the role of the interacting body force between the fluid and solid particles.

Copyright © 1993 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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