Force on a Piezoelectric Screw Dislocation

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. E. Pak

Grumman Corporation Research Center, Bethpage, NY 11714-3580

J. Appl. Mech 57(4), 863-869 (Dec 01, 1990) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2897653 History: Received July 06, 1989; Revised December 20, 1989; Online March 31, 2008


A screw dislocation in a hexagonal crystal exhibiting piezoelectric behavior is analyzed in the framework of linear elasticity theory. Considered is a straight dislocation with the Burgers vector normal to the isotropic basal plane. In addition to having a discontinuous displacement and a discontinuous electric potential across the slip plane, the dislocation is subjected to a line force and a line charge at the core. The solution is obtained in a closed form by means of a semi-inverse method. The electric enthalpy which takes the place of the internal energy is calculated for the screw dislocation considered in the analysis. The interaction energy for two different internal stress-field systems is derived to calculate the force acting on an electroelastic singularity. Both the standard method and a generalized path-independent integral is used to calculate the force on a piezoelectric screw dislocation subjected to external mechanical and electrical loads. Also calculated are the force between two parallel screw dislocations and the image force due to a free surface.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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