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RESEARCH PAPERS

Void Growth in Elastic-Plastic Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
C. L. Hom, R. M. McMeeking

Department of Materials and Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, Calif. 93106

J. Appl. Mech 56(2), 309-317 (Jun 01, 1989) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3176085 History: Received December 23, 1987; Revised September 09, 1988; Online July 21, 2009

Abstract

Three-dimensional finite element computations have been done to study the growth of initially spherical voids in periodic cubic arrays. The numerical method is based on finite strain theory and the computations account for the interaction between neighboring voids. The void arrays are subjected to macroscopically uniform fields of uniaxial tension, pure shear, and high triaxial stress. The macroscopic stress-strain behavior and the change in void volume were obtained for two initial void volume fractions. The calculations show that void shape, void interaction, and loss of load carrying capacity depend strongly on the triaxiality of the stress field. The results of the finite element computation were compared with several dilatant plasticity continuum models for porous materials. None of the models agrees completely with the finite element calculations. Agreement of the finite element results with any particular constitutive model depended on the level of macroscopic strain and the triaxiality of the remote uniform stress field.

Copyright © 1989 by ASME
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