A Continuum Damage Model for Viscoelastic Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Weitsman

Mechanics and Materials Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843

J. Appl. Mech 55(4), 773-780 (Dec 01, 1988) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3173721 History: Received February 08, 1988; Revised July 20, 1988; Online July 21, 2009


This paper presents a continuum damage model for viscoelastic materials. “Damage” is expressed by two symmetric, second rank tensors which are related to the total areas of “active” and “passive” microcracks within a representative volume element of the multifractured material. Viscoelasticity is introduced through scalar valued internal state variables that represent the internal degrees-of-freedom associated with the motions of long chain polymeric molecules. The constitutive relations are established from basic considerations of continuum mechanics and irreversible thermodynamics, with detailed expressions derived for the case of initially isotropic materials. It is shown that damage causes softening of the material moduli as well as changes in material symmetry. The special cases of uniaxial damage under uniaxial stress and the interaction of damage with moisture diffusion are also considered.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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