Behavior of Unanchored Fluid-Filled Tanks Subjected to Ground Excitation

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Natsiavas

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287

C. D. Babcock

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125

J. Appl. Mech 55(3), 654-659 (Sep 01, 1988) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3125844 History: Received July 20, 1987; Revised February 23, 1988; Online July 21, 2009


An analysis developed for the response of liquid storage tanks under horizontal base excitation is employed and numerical results are obtained for unanchored tanks. These results are compared and found to be in good agreement with experimental data. Base uplift is shown to cause a dramatic reduction in the effective beam-type stiffness of a tank, which in turn reduces the tank response frequency and changes the developed hydrodynamic loads significantly. Based on these results, an explanation is provided for some great qualitative and quantitative differences in the behavior of a tank, resulting from its base fixity condition alone.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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