Optimal Design of a Rotating Disk for Kinetic Energy Storage

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Berger, I. Porat

Technion–Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, ISRAEL

J. Appl. Mech 55(1), 164-170 (Mar 01, 1988) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3173623 History: Received December 30, 1986; Revised June 27, 1987; Online July 21, 2009


A thin homogeneous rotating disk of variable thickness is considered for the purpose of storing kinetic energy. The objective of the design is to find the optimal shape of the disk for which, in the presence of constraints on the geometry and strength of the disk, the Specific Kinetic Energy (SKE) is maximal. An upper bound for the SKE of a finite diameter disk is derived and a discrete formulation is presented by which an approximate optimal profile for arbitrary design parameters and rotational speeds can be obtained numerically. Applying a parametric study in which optimal designs for a sequence of rotational speeds are observed, a general configuration of the exact optimal profile is presented. The parametric study reveals the existence of three speed intervals, each characterized by a common type of optimal design. The optimal SKE corresponding to the ultimate rotational speed reaches a value very close to the theoretical upper bound, namely twice that of a thin ring. The model gives insight into the nature of optimal designs and serves as a simple and rapid computational tool for finding the optimal profile for arbitrary disk parameters and rotational speeds.

Copyright © 1988 by ASME
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