Effect of Fiber Anisotropy on Thermal Stresses in Fibrous Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
W. B. Avery, C. T. Herakovich

Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061

J. Appl. Mech 53(4), 751-756 (Dec 01, 1986) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3171854 History: Received August 05, 1985; Revised April 12, 1986; Online July 21, 2009


An elasticity solution is utilized to analyze an orthotropic fiber in an isotropic matrix under uniform thermal load. The analysis reveals that stress distributions in the fiber are singular in the radial coordinate when the radial fiber stiffness (C rr ) is greater than the hoop stiffness (C θθ ) . Conversely, if C rr < C θθ the maximum stress in the composite is finite and occurs at the fiber-matrix interface. In both cases the stress distributions are radically different than those predicted assuming the fiber to be transversely isotropic (C rr = C θθ ) . It is also shown that fiber volume fraction greatly influences the stress distribution for transversely isotropic fibers, but has little effect on the distribution if the fibers are transversely orthotropic.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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