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RESEARCH PAPERS

The Stress Field Induced by a Twisting Sphere

[+] Author and Article Information
D. A. Hills

Department of Engineering Science, Oxford University, Oxford, England OX1 3PJ

A. Sackfield

Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Operations Research, Trent Polytechnic, Nottingham, England NG1 4BU

J. Appl. Mech 53(2), 372-378 (Jun 01, 1986) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3171766 History: Received September 05, 1985; Revised December 06, 1985; Online July 21, 2009

Abstract

Analytical solutions are presented for the stress field induced in an elastic half space by a sphere pressed normally into its surface, and twisted. It is found that the stresses decay rapidly with depth, and that the severest stress state occurs in the surface. Cases of both partial slip, i.e., where there is a central disk where no relative rotation occurs, surrounded by a slip annulus, and full slip where the disk degenerates to a point, are considered. The largest tensile stress, associated with brittle fracture and cracking, occurs on the edge of the contact circle, while the greatest tendency to yield, by von Mises criterion, occurs somewhere within the slip annulus, depending on the coefficient of friction. Twisting has a first order effect on the strength of contact as measured by each of these criteria.

Copyright © 1986 by ASME
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