Earthquake Response of Deformable Liquid Storage Tanks

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. Haroun, G. W. Housner

Department of Civil Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif. 91125

J. Appl. Mech 48(2), 411-418 (Jun 01, 1981) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3157631 History: Received September 01, 1980; Revised January 01, 1981; Online July 21, 2009


A method for analyzing the earthquake response of deformable, cylindrical liquid storage tanks is presented. The method is based on superposition of the free lateral vibrational modes obtained by a finite-element approach and a boundary solution technique. The accuracy of such modes has been confirmed by vibration tests of full-scale tanks. Special attention is given to the cos θ-type modes for which there is a single cosine wave of deflection in the circumferential direction. The response of deformable tanks to known ground motions is then compared with that of similar rigid tanks to assess the influence of wall flexibility on their seismic behavior. In addition, detailed numerical examples are presented to illustrate the variation of the seismic response of two different classes of tanks, namely, “tall” and “broad” tanks. Finally, the significance of the cos nθ-type modes in the earthquake response analysis of irregular tanks is briefly discussed.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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