Wave Propagation and Instability in a Circular Semi-Infinite Liquid Jet Harmonically Forced at the Nozzle

[+] Author and Article Information
D. B. Bogy

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.

J. Appl. Mech 45(3), 469-474 (Sep 01, 1978) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3424347 History: Received July 01, 1977; Revised December 01, 1977; Online July 12, 2010


The linearized form of the inviscid, one-dimensional Cosserat jet equations derived by Green [6] are used to study wave propagation in a circular jet with surface tension. The frequency spectra are shown for complex wave numbers for a complete range of Weber numbers. The propagation characteristics of the waves are studied in order to determine which branches of the frequency spectra to use in the semi-infinite jet problem with harmonic forcing at the nozzle. Two of the four branches are eliminated by a radiation condition that energy must be outgoing at infinity; the remaining two branches are used to satisfy the nozzle boundary conditions. The variation of the jet radius along its length is shown graphically for various Weber numbers and forcing frequencies. The stability or instability is explained in terms of the behavior of the two propagating phases.

Copyright © 1978 by ASME
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