Crack Propagation Analysis by Finite Differences

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Shmuely

Department of Mechanics, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

Z. S. Alterman

Department of Environmental Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, Israel

J. Appl. Mech 40(4), 902-908 (Dec 01, 1973) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3423185 History: Received July 01, 1972; Online July 12, 2010


A finite-difference scheme for treating the dynamic stress field around a crack tip under plane-strain conditions, is proposed. The scheme is initially applied to the case of a crack of constant length which is suddenly opened in an infinite elastic medium loaded by a remotely uniform stress. By this, a numerical solution corresponding to the static state of stress is obtained which is compared with analytic solutions. It is shown that the numerically evaluated strain-energy-release rates are close to values calculated analytically. A modified scheme which presupposes a cuspated crack tip results in nearly the same strain-energy-release rates. Hence the validity of both numerical schemes is confirmed. For the numerical schemes adjusted to handle the propagating crack problem, the results represent a situation which is very close to reality; namely, the crack velocity accelerates up to a stage where propagation continues with a practically constant velocity. This terminal velocity moves from about 0.77 C2 to about 0.57C2 (C2 being the shear wave velocity). The last-mentioned velocity value corresponds to the cuspated crack model.

Copyright © 1973 by ASME
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