A Burgers-Type Model of Turbulent Decay in a Non-Newtonian Fluid

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Kuo, R. I. Tanner

Division of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, R. I.

J. Appl. Mech 39(3), 661-666 (Sep 01, 1972) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3422769 History: Received March 29, 1971; Online July 12, 2010


To study the effects of the high elongational viscosity on the free (“grid-generated”) turbulence of polymer solutions, a Burgers-type model equation is proposed and formed by replacing the Newtonian viscosity of the original Burgers equation with a non-Newtonian viscosity. By using the proposed model equation, numerical experiments were carried out to compute the energy decays, the changes in the energy spectra, and the variations of the mean square of the velocity gradient with time. Comparisons between the Newtonian and the non-Newtonian cases were based on the same Reynolds numbers and the same initial random velocity fields generated by a Gaussian process with two types of spectrum. Measurements on real grid turbulence are discussed in the light of these calculations. The computational results show, in general, the suppression of “shock waves” because of the non-Newtonian viscosity effect, but the turbulent decay rate at large Reynolds number is not always increased, which is surprising. It appears that the calculations support qualitatively the idea of vortex stretching inhibition in polymer turbulence due to high elongational viscosity.

Copyright © 1972 by ASME
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